Committees of Correspondence – Definition, Date & Purpose

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Committees of correspondence were emergency provisional governments set up in the 13 American colonies in response to British policies leading up to the Revolutionary War (also known as the American Revolution). The exchange of ideas, information and debate between different committees of correspondence helped organize and mobilize patriotic resistance in communities throughout the colonies and built the foundations for the Continental Congress.

British Colonial Policy After the French and Indian War

Up until the late 18th century, Britain’s American colonies enjoyed a high level of autonomy and control over their own political and economic affairs, thanks to the long-standing unofficial policy known as salutary neglect. This began to change soon after the French and Indian War, when King George III and his ministers set out to strengthen Britain’s hold on the colonies (and raise revenue to pay the British war debt).



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